Implementing asthma management guidelines in public primary care clinics in Malaysia.

29 Nov 2021


Implementing asthma guideline recommendations is challenging in low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to explore healthcare provider (HCP) perspectives on the provision of recommended care. Twenty-six HCPs from six public primary care clinics in a semi-urban district of Malaysia were purposively sampled based on roles and experience. Focus group discussions were guided by a semi-structured interview guide and analysed thematically. HCPs had access to guidelines and training but highlighted multiple infrastructure-related challenges to implementing recommended care. Diagnosis and review of asthma control were hampered by limited access to spirometry and limited asthma control test (ACT) use, respectively. Treatment decisions were limited by poor availability of inhaled combination therapy (ICS/LABA) and free spacer devices. Imposed Ministry of Health programmes involving other non-communicable diseases were prioritised over asthma. Ministerial policies need practical resources and organisational support if quality improvement programmes are to facilitate better management of asthma in public primary care clinics.

Resource information

Respiratory conditions
  • Asthma
Type of resource
Peer-reviewed article
Cheong AT, Lee PY, Shariff-Ghazali S, Salim H, Hussein N, Ramli R, Pinnock H, Liew SM, Hanafi NS, Abu Bakar AI, Mohd Ahad A, Pang YK, Chinna K, Khoo EM