Extending the data collection from a clinical trial: The Extended Salford Lung Study research cohort.
The Extended Salford Lung Study (Ext-SLS) is an extension of the Salford Lung Studies (SLS) in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) through retrospective and prospective collection of patient-level electronic health record (EHR) data. We compared the Ext-SLS cohort with the SLS intention-to-treat populations using descriptive analyses to determine if the strengths (e.g. randomization) of the clinical trial were maintained in the new cohort. Historical and patient-reported outcome data were captured from asthma-/COPD-specific questionnaires (e.g., Asthma Control Test [ACT]/COPD Assessment Test [CAT]). The Ext-SLS included 1147 participants (n = 798, SLS asthma; n = 349, SLS COPD). Of participants answering the ACT, 39% scored <20, suggesting poorly controlled asthma. For COPD, 61% of participants answering the CAT scored ≥21, demonstrating a high disease burden. Demographic/clinical characteristics of the cohorts were similar at SLS baseline. EHR data provided a long-term view of participants' disease, and questionnaires provided information not typically captured. The Ext-SLS cohort is a valuable resource for respiratory research, and ongoing prospective data collection will add further value and ensure the Ext-SLS is an important source of patient-level information on obstructive airways disease.
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