Efficacy and safety of the direct switch to indacaterol/glycopyrronium from salmeterol/fluticasone in non-frequently exacerbating COPD patients: The FLASH randomized controlled trial.

01 Dec 2018
Respiratory conditions
  • COPD
Respiratory topics
  • Treatment - drug
Type of resource
Peer-reviewed article
Author(s)
Frith PA, Ashmawi S, Krishnamurthy S, Gurgun A, Hristoskova S, Pilipovic V, Hamann AM, Backer A, Olsson P, Kostikas K, Diaz DV, FLASH Investigators.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE

Combination long-acting β -agonist/long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LABA/LAMA) has demonstrated superior clinical outcomes over LABA/inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients; however, data from blinded randomized controlled trials on direct switching from LABA/ICS to LABA/LAMA are lacking. FLASH (Assessment of switching salmeterol/Fluticasone to indacateroL/glycopyrronium in A Symptomatic COPD patient coHort) investigated if direct switch, without a washout period, from salmeterol/fluticasone (SFC) to indacaterol/glycopyrronium (IND/GLY) in COPD patients improves lung function and is well tolerated.

METHODS

In this 12-week, multicentre, double-blind study, patients with moderate-to-severe COPD and up to one exacerbation in previous year, receiving SFC for ≥3 months, were randomized to continue SFC 50/500 μg twice daily (bd) or switch to IND/GLY 110/50 μg once daily (od). Primary endpoint was pre-dose trough forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV ) at Week 12.

RESULTS

In total, 502 patients were randomized (1:1) to IND/GLY or SFC. Patients switched to IND/GLY demonstrated superior lung function (pre-dose trough FEV ) versus SFC at Week 12 (treatment difference (Δ) = 45 mL; P = 0.028). IND/GLY provided significant improvements in pre-dose trough forced vital capacity (FVC; Δ = 102 mL; P = 0.002) and numerical improvements in transition dyspnoea index (TDI; Δ = 0.46; P = 0.063). Rescue medication use and COPD assessment test (CAT) scores were comparable between groups. Both treatments had similar safety profiles.

CONCLUSION

FLASH demonstrated that a direct switch to IND/GLY from SFC improved pre-dose FEV and FVC in COPD patients with up to one exacerbation in the previous year. No new safety signals were identified.