A population-based cohort study on the risk of obstructive lung disease after bilateral oophorectomy.
There is increasing evidence that sex hormones may impact the development of obstructive lung disease (OLD). Therefore, we studied the effect of bilateral oophorectomy (oophorectomy) on the development of OLD. Women were identified from the Mayo Clinic Cohort Study of Oophorectomy and Aging-2. Data were collected using the Rochester Epidemiology Project records-linkage system. A total of 1653 women who underwent oophorectomy and 1653 referent women of similar age were assessed for OLD using diagnostic codes and medical record abstraction. Women who underwent oophorectomy had an overall higher risk of all OLD, all chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, and chronic bronchitis but not of all asthma, confirmed asthma, or confirmed COPD. The association with all OLD was stronger in women who were age ≤45 years at oophorectomy, never smokers, non-obese, and in women with benign indications; however, the interactions were not statistically significant. There was an increased risk of all asthma in women age ≤45 years at oophorectomy who took estrogen therapy. Never smokers of all ages had a stronger association of oophorectomy with all asthma and all COPD, whereas smokers had a stronger association of oophorectomy with emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Non-obese women of all ages had a stronger association of oophorectomy with all COPD, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis. The results of this study combined with the increased risk of several chronic diseases reported in previous studies suggest that oophorectomy in premenopausal women should be avoided unless there is clear evidence of a high genetic risk of ovarian cancer.
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