Perceived effects of second-hand smoke on a pregnant woman: A phenomenological study

05 Aug 2021
Respiratory conditions
  • Tobacco Dependence
Type of resource
Dublin 2021
Hana Mahmood, Maternal Neonatal and Child Health Research Network,
Clinical Research Results Implementation Science/Service Development Research Ideas on Respiratory Conditions and Tobacco Dependency Abstract Research Question: How do smoking partners of pregnant women in Pakistan perceive risks and behaviours related to SHS exposure?Background:More than 40% of all pregnant women in Pakistan are exposed to second-hand smoke (SHS) – causing approximately 17,000 still births in a year. In LMICs smoking inside the house is largely unrestricted adversely affecting pregnant women by exposure to SHS. SHS exposure in non-smoking pregnant women has increased the risk of stillbirth and congenital malformation along with behavioral and cognitive issues in children. Partner’s support during pregnancy is important for developing a better maternal health. Therefore, an evidence-informed conceptual framework will be developed to propose a behaviour change communication intervention, which will target poor or risky behaviors to promote behaviour modification that may result in positive maternal and fetal health outcomes. Possible Methodology:This will be a qualitative study incorporating an initial stage of systematic review followed by formative research that will lead to development of the conceptual framework. For systematic review PubMed, Embase, Global Health and CINAHL will be searched systematically to identify and retrieve relevant data. In depth interviews will be from pregnant women and their smoking partners in rural and peri urban slums of Rawalpindi district. Thematic analysis of data will be employed.Questions to discuss:How can behaviors of partners’ indoor smoking be altered to decrease the exposure of pregnant woman to second hand smoke? Declaration of Interest References and Clinical Trial Registry Information This research was commissioned by National Institute of Health Research using Official Development Assistance (ODA) funding. The views expressed in this publication are those of author(s) and not necessarily those of NHS, the National Institute of Health Research, or development of Health.